Gardening Calendar for Greater Augusta, GA

Gardening Calendar for Greater Augusta, GA

AUGUSTA’S HOT, HUMID SUMMERS and mild winters offer gardening opportunities and challenges. Take a glace at this calendar to help you plan for gardening success. Remember, dates are applicable to the Augusta area and will not apply to all areas in Georgia and South Carolina.

Please note that brand names used are for educational use only and no endorsement is intended or implied by the Cooperative Extension office. We urge you to call your local Cooperative Extension office with any and all gardening questions. Phone numbers for those offices are listed below.

cooperative extension local offices

AIKEN COUNTY
803-649-6297

RICHMOND COUNTY
706-821-2350

COLUMBIA COUNTY
706-868-3413

JANUARY

Ornamentals

  1. Plant trees and shrubbery
  2. Mulch shrubbery

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize with liquid fertilizer
  2. Remove dead leaves, cut back where necessary
  3. Turn houseplants weekly to allow full coverage of sunshine

Vegetables

  1. Make garden plan and prepare soil
  2. Prepare flats and seed spring vegetables for transplanting in February and March
  3. Plant onions
  4. Service power equipment such as tillers, lawn mowers, etc.

Flowers

  1. Prepare rose beds and plant later in the month
  2. Lime rose beds as soil test indicates
  3. Fertilize pansies with liquid fertilizer

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Prune pears, apples, muscadines, and blackberries
  2. Do Not prune peaches or plums
  3. Mulch strawberries
  4. Plant fruit trees

Turf

  1. Soil test every 3 to 5 years
  2. Service and test spray equipment
  3. Spray winter weeds with approved herbicides
  4. Spray wild onions with approved herbicide

FEBRUARY

Ornamentals

  1. Plant shrubbery and small trees
  2. Prune summer flowering shrubbery
  3. Cut back overgrown shrubbery & trees
  4. Mulch shrubbery
  5. Cut back liriope to highest mower blade setting

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize with liquid fertilizer
  2. Turn houseplants weekly to allow full coverage by sun

Vegetables

  1. Plant beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, collards, kale, lettuce, mustard, onions, English peas, Irish potatoes, radishes, spinach & turnips
  2. Seed tomatoes, peppers, eggplants for growing transplants for later planting

Flowers

  1. Prune hybrid tea roses
  2. Spray roses to prevent disease
  3. Plant new rose bushes
  4. Plant hardy annuals such as baby’s breath, pansies, petunias, sweet peas and foxglove

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Prune apples, pears, plums, peaches, blackberries, muscadines & grapes
  2. Plant fruit trees
  3. Prune low hanging limbs on pecan trees
  4. Plant blueberries
  5. Spray fruit trees with lime-sulfur before blooming

Turf

  1. Apply pre-emergence herbicides to prevent summer weeds during last half of month
  2. Spray winter weeds with approved herbicides

MARCH

Ornamentals

  1. Complete pruning for shape
  2. Prune overgrown shrubbery
  3. Fertilize shrubbery
  4. Mulch shrubbery
  5. Plant shrubbery

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize houseplants monthly
  2. Repot houseplants where needed

Vegetables

  1. Prepare soil for vegetable garden
  2. Bed sweet potato plants for slips
  3. Cultivate weeds after emergence
  4. Plant sweet corn at end of month

Flowers

  1. Fertilize bulbs & remove dead flower heads
  2. Fertilize roses
  3. Prepare plan for spring and summer plantings of annuals
  4. Plant hardy annuals
  5. Plant perennials

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Fertilize fruit trees.
  2. Plant strawberries
  3. Spray apple and pear trees for fire blight when in bloom
  4. Prune fig trees in late March
  5. Fertilize pecan trees with fertilizers containing zinc

Turf

  1.  Apply pre-emergence herbicides
  2. Delay fertilizing Bermuda, Zoysia and St. Augustine until soil about mid-April
  3. Top dress lawns, do not use pure sand

APRIL & MAY

Ornamentals

  1. Prune flowering shrubbery such as quince, azaleas, spirea & forsythia after they have finished blooming
  2. Check junipers, cedars & arborvitae for bagworms
  3. Check shrubbery for tea scale & control if necessary
  4. Check azaleas for lace bugs and control if necessary

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize at two week intervals

Vegetables

  1. Plant tomatoes, beans, cucumber, squash, butter peas, eggplants, peppers and southern peas
  2. Plant okra, peanuts, and sweet potatoes in late April

Flowers

  1. Fertilize bulbs & Plant summer flowering bulbs
  2. Prepare beds for annual flowers
  3. Fertilize roses

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Thin fruits if set is too heavy
  2. Remove strawberry flowers on plants set this spring Wait until next year for harvest
  3. Stay on Cooperative Extension spray program for disease and insect control

Turf

  1. Establish Centipede, Zoysia, Bermuda & St. Augustine lawns
  2. Fertilize Zoysia, Bermuda & St. Augustine lawns
  3. Sod or sprig grasses
  4. Control broad-leaf weeds
  5. Watch for signs of disease and winter kill

JUNE

Ornamentals

  1. Prune azaleas & camellias
  2. Spray crape myrtles with insecticides for aphid control
  3. Take cutting of broad-leaf evergreen & deciduous shrubbery for rooting
  4. Do “Touch Up” pruning when new shrubbery growth reaches twelve inches

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize at two week intervals
  2. Clean houseplants that have become dusty

Vegetables

  1. Harvest vegetables at peak quality
  2. Make a second planting of beans, sweet
    corn, squash, okra, & cucumbers
  3. Spray tomatoes with calcium chloride to correct blossom end rot
  4. Fertilize tomatoes every 4 to 6 weeks

Flowers

  1. Continue to plant marigolds, zinnias, salvia, annual vinca & begonias
  2. Pinch terminals of flowers to promote branching
  3. Spray roses for insect and disease control
  4. Plant dahlias
  5. Fertilize roses

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Thin fruit where set is too heavy
  2. Make second application of fertilizer to blackberries and apples
  3. Spray fungicide for disease prevention & control
  4. Apply insecticide where needed

Turf

  1. Plant grass where needed
  2. Fertilize lawns if needed
  3. Apply second application of herbicide
  4. Check lawn for disease and insect damage, chinch bugs and mole crickets

JULY

Ornamentals

  1. Fertilize shrubbery
  2. Divide and transplant liriope
  3. Watch shrubbery carefully for water stress, keep adequate water applied, water shrubbery under trees more often
  4. Check shrubbery for insects and control where necessary

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize bi-weekly

Vegetables

  1. Plant beans during the first half of month for continued production
  2. Prepare Fall garden plan

Flowers

  1. Remove spent flower heads on annuals
  2. Fertilize annuals and perennials
  3. Seed biennials and perennials
  4. Fertilize roses

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Continue timely application of insecticides and fungicides

Turf

  1. Fertilize lawns
  2. Treat for mole crickets
  3. Scout for chinch bugs in St. Augustine lawns

AUGUST

Ornamentals

  1. Watch for bagworms on junipers & other narrow leaf evergreen shrubs
  2. Fertilize hollies if berry set is heavy
  3. Prune shrubbery. Do not prune azaleas and camellias now
  4. Remove old crape myrtle flowers as soon as their color fades
  5. Spray pyracantha for lace bugs with systemic insecticide

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize bi-monthly

Vegetables

  1. Plant cabbage seed, collard seeds, beet seed, broccoli seed, bush snap beans, Chinese cabbage, turnips, kale & mustard

Flowers

  1. Continue to spray roses for insect & disease control at weekly intervals
  2. Fertilize roses
  3.  Stake dahlias
  4.  Check marigolds for mites
  5. Renew mulches in flower beds
  6. Plant iris

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Prune out old fruiting canes in blackberries
  2. Fertilize peach trees
  3. Prune peach trees in August
  4. Continue disease spraying

Turf

  1. Water during extreme drought
  2. Fertilize lawns if needed
  3. Control disease and insects
  4. Replace dead patches in lawn if necessary
  5. Scout for chinch bugs in St. Augustine grass

SEPTEMBER

Ornamentals

  1. Prune shrubbery for shape only.
  2. Plant camellia & southern magnolia seeds as their pods break open
  3. Begin gibing camellias in early September
  4. Soil test every 3 to 5 years

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize monthly
  2. Check for insects
  3. Begin to acclimate outside plants for moving indoors in late September
  4. Repot overgrown houseplants

Vegetables

  1. Continue planting Fall vegetables
  2. Store cabbage, onions, potatoes, etc., properly for over wintering
  3. Plant cover crop of rye on unused garden plots
  4. Soil Test every 3 to 5 years

Flowers

  1. Fertilize roses early in the month, this is the last application until spring
  2. Divide and transplant day lilies and irises
  3. Start pansies and gloriosa daisy from seed
  4. Delay planting pansies outside until October

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Fertilize strawberries early in the month, Divide and reset plants
  2. Prune peaches and plums
  3. Soil Test every 3 to 5 years

Turf

  1. Check lawns for disease
  2. Apply pre-emergence herbicide in late September
  3. Make LAST application of lawn fertilizer NO LATER THAN September 15th

OCTOBER

Ornamentals

  1. Spray shrubbery to control tea scale with systemic insecticide
  2. Collect leaves for mulch
  3. Plant shrubbery and trees

Flowers

  1. Divide and transplant day lilies and liriope
  2. Cut back faded annual flowers
  3. Plant Fall bulbs in late October
  4. Dig caladium tubers before frost
  5. Plant pansies, violas, ornamental cabbage & kale, at mid to late October

Vegetables

  1. Soil test & lime if necessary
  2. Destroy old crops as soon as harvest is completed to help reduce establishment of future disease, insect and weed problems
  3. Spray cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower & collards with thuricide to control caterpillars
  4. Begin making a compost pile
  5. Soil test every 3 to 5 years

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize monthly

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Apply lime to fruit trees if needed
  2. Do NOT prune peach and plum trees
  3. Soil test every 3 to 5 years

Turf

  1. Plant rye grass as over seeding for lawns
  2. Soil Test and lime if required

NOVEMBER

Ornamentals

  1. Plant shrubbery and trees
  2. Store fallen leaves for mulch
  3. Mulch shrubbery with fresh material
  4. Soil Test every 3 to 5 years

Houseplants

  1. Fertilize monthly
  2. Begin forcing bulbs for early winter indoor color

Vegetables

  1. Soil test every 3 to 5 years
  2. Clean garden area of weeds and dead crops
  3. Thin carrots, beets, rutabagas & radishes
  4. Inspect vegetables for aphids

Flowers

  1. Store recently dug caladium tubers in cool, dry place
  2. Plant spring flowering bulbs: hyacinths, daffodils, & crocus
  3. Plant pansies, violas, ornamental cabbage and kale

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Soil test every 3 to 5 years
  2. Prune apple trees after all the leaves have fallen
  3. Do not prune peach trees
  4. Rake leaves from around fruit trees & compost or destroy

Turf

  1. Soil Test every 3 to 5 years
  2. Fertilize cool season grasses
  3. Spray wild onions and other winter weeds with appropriate herbicides

DECEMBER

Ornamentals

  1. Plant shrubbery and trees
  2. Renew mulch around shrubbery
  3. Soil test every 3 to 5 years

Houseplants

  1. Give plants as much light as possible
  2. Keep soil in holiday plants moist
  3. Increase humidity around plants by grouping or placing on trays of pebbles with water

Vegetables

  1. Make next year’s garden plan
  2. Continue to harvest Fall vegetables
  3. Till garden soil after crops die down remove debris from garden to prevent disease
  4. Apply organic matter to garden soils

Fruits & Nuts

  1. Plant fruit trees

Flowers

  1. Continue winter clean up in flower beds
  2. Continue to plant spring flowering bulbs
  3. Mulch tender perennials to protect from frost
  4. Remove debris from beds to help prevent disease

Turf

  1. Continue to spray for winter weeds
Sid Mulliss

About Sid Mulliss

Sid Mulliss recently retired from the Georgia Extension Service in Augusta for after 31 years. He holds a masters degree in Public Administration from Brenau University. Sid writes a weekly garden column for the Augusta Chronicle, writes for Augusta Magazine and Georgia Gardening Magazine, and co-hosts a Saturday morning radio show on WGAC.